National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness from 1.4% to 0.3%. As per Survey in 2001-02, prevalence of blindness is estimated to be 1.1%. Rapid Survey on Avoidable Blindness conducted under NPCB during 2006-07 showed reduction in the prevalence of blindness from 1.1% (2001-02) to 1% (2006-07). Various activities/initiatives undertaken during the Five Year Plans under NPCB are targeted towards achieving the goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by the year 2020.
Main causes of blindness are as follows: Cataract (62.6%) Refractive Error (19.70%) Corneal Blindness (0.90%), Glaucoma (5.80%), Surgical Complication (1.20%) Posterior Capsular Pacifications (0.90%) Posterior Segment Disorder (4.70%), Others (4.19%) Estimated National Prevalence of Childhood Blindness /Low Vision is 0.80 per thousand.
|Jt. Director, Health Services/State Programme Officer||1|
|L.D.A. cum Typist||1|
|Budget & Accounts Officer||1|
|Data Entry Operator||1|
|Ophthalmic Surgeon||120 (approx)|
|Ophthalmic Surgeon, Contructual||3 nos.|
|Ophthalmic Assistant ( 12 nos. are contractual)||210 (approx)|
|D.P.M Designated (M & HO)||21 nos.|
|D.P.M., Contractual||6 nos.|
|Data Entry Operator , Contractual||27 nos.|
Creation of Regional Institute of Ophthalmology (RIO) at Guwahati to provide speciality services and referral support to other institutions.
1. AMCH Dibrugarh
NGOs participating in eye care services are being supported by providing GIA.
This programmes are presently undertaken by our 27 nos. of NPCB, District health
Society, under three types of refractive correction:
Provision of spectacles to the refractive error detected school children on free of cost to the BPL family from the fund provided to the N.P.C.B., District Health Society.
|Year 2010-11||Year 2011-12||Year 2012-13||Year 2013-14||Year 2014-15|
|School Children Screened||300000||268570||300000||762413||500000||717516||1500000||1917897||-||1849857|
|Free Glass Provided||3500||4034||3500||23074||-||43791||31500||38046||42000||43465|
|School Teacher Trained||-||2944||-||4059||-||3940||-||4717||-||4699|
Cataract Surgery, Eye Donation& School Eye Screening programme are all dependent on information, education & communication activities.
The Common Activities under IEC are :- display of hoardings, postering, bannering, wall-writing, new paper advertising , TV & Radio talk, printing materials, awareness meeting & programme, procession, Street Drama , Beautiful Eye Contest, organizing SishuJyotiMela, workshop on eye donation etc.
Conditions like Vit - "A" deficiency, Trachoma, Measles, Corneal ulceration etc. can lead to opacification of the cornea. Corneal grafting is the only way to restore sight. We have to develop infrastructure to collect donor's eyes.
For this purpose the NPCB ,State Health Society Assam, supports the establishment of following of Eye Banks & Eye Donation Centres at:
Eye Donation Centres:
|2014 – 15||Cataract Surgery;||85000||73081|
|Free Spectacles Distribution;||42000||43465|
|Old Person Spectacles (Near Vision)||60000||60000|
|Eye Banking (Cornea Collection)||420||423|
|Eye Banking (Cornea Transplantation)||Not given by GOI||206|
|2015 – 16 (Upto Sept/2015)||Cataract Surgery||85000||31308|
|Free Spectacles Distribution||42000||10041|
|Old Person Spectacles (Near Vision)||60000||36000|
|Eye Banking (Cornea Collection)||420||137|
|Eye Banking (Cornea Transplantation)||Not given by GOI||59|
|Sl. No.||Year||Opening Balance||Grant in Aid||Bank Interest||Total Received||Expenditure||Balance||% of Utilization|
|1.||2013 – 14||Rs.42,87,023.88||Rs.8,63,44,000.00||Rs.6,46,313.00||Rs.9,12,77,336.88||Rs.7,96,96,196.00||Rs.1,15,81,140.88||87.312%|
|2.||2014 – 15||Rs.1,15,81,140.88||Rs.12,37,69,000.00||Rs.9,88,513.00||Rs.13,63,38,653.88||Rs.11,97,63,827.00||Rs.1,65,74,826.88||87.842%|
|3.||2015 – 16||Rs.1,65,74,826.88||Rs.65,80,000.00 |
(Fund released by the GOI on FY 2014 – 15 but received by the NPCB FY 2015 - 16);